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Congress

AnalyticsTrade Team
AnalyticsTrade Team Last updated on 26 Apr 2023

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Congress

Congress is a term used to refer to the legislative branch of the United States government. It is composed of two chambers, the House of Representatives and the Senate, and is responsible for making laws, approving the budget, and overseeing the executive branch. Congress is also responsible for declaring war, ratifying treaties, and impeaching federal officials.

History of Congress

Congress was established by the United States Constitution in 1789. The Constitution created a bicameral legislature, with the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives is composed of 435 members, each representing a congressional district. The Senate is composed of 100 members, two from each state. The Constitution also established the powers of Congress, including the power to make laws, approve the budget, and declare war.

Since its establishment, Congress has been the primary legislative body of the United States government. It has passed numerous laws, including the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Affordable Care Act of 2010. Congress has also declared war on numerous occasions, including the War of 1812, the Spanish-American War, and World War II.

Comparison Table

House of Representatives Senate
435 members 100 members
Representatives elected by district Senators elected by state
2-year terms 6-year terms

Summary

Congress is the legislative branch of the United States government. It is composed of two chambers, the House of Representatives and the Senate, and is responsible for making laws, approving the budget, and declaring war. Since its establishment in 1789, Congress has been the primary legislative body of the United States government, passing numerous laws and declaring war on numerous occasions. For more information about Congress, visit the official website of the United States Congress or the Library of Congress.

See Also

  • United States Constitution
  • House of Representatives
  • Senate
  • President of the United States
  • Supreme Court of the United States
  • United States Code
  • United States Congress
  • Library of Congress
  • Legislative Process
  • Impeachment

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