The GBP/USD currency pair is one of the most popular and widely traded currency pairs in the world. It is also known as the “Cable” due to the fact that it was historically traded via a transatlantic cable. The pair is composed of the British Pound (GBP) and the US Dollar (USD). The GBP/USD is a major currency pair and is often used as a benchmark for other currency pairs. In this article, we will explore the historical analysis of the GBP/USD currency pair and how it has evolved over the years.
History of the GBP/USD
The GBP/USD currency pair has a long and storied history. It was first traded in the early 1800s when the British Pound was the world’s reserve currency. The pair was initially traded in the form of a forward contract, which allowed traders to speculate on the future exchange rate of the two currencies.In the late 1800s, the pair was officially traded on the London Stock Exchange. This was the first time the pair was traded in an organized market. The pair was also traded on the New York Stock Exchange in the early 1900s.
The Gold Standard
The GBP/USD currency pair was heavily influenced by the gold standard, which was in place from 1821 to 1914. Under the gold standard, the value of the British Pound was tied to the price of gold. This meant that the exchange rate between the two currencies was fixed.The gold standard was abandoned in 1914 due to the outbreak of World War I. This led to a period of instability in the currency markets, as the exchange rate between the two currencies was no longer fixed.
The Bretton Woods System
The Bretton Woods system was established in 1944 and was in place until 1971. Under the Bretton Woods system, the US Dollar was pegged to the price of gold, while the British Pound was pegged to the US Dollar. This meant that the exchange rate between the two currencies was fixed.The Bretton Woods system was abandoned in 1971 due to the increasing instability of the US Dollar. This led to a period of volatility in the currency markets, as the exchange rate between the two currencies was no longer fixed.
Floating Exchange Rates
The current system of floating exchange rates was established in 1971. Under this system, the exchange rate between the two currencies is determined by the market forces of supply and demand. This means that the exchange rate between the two currencies can fluctuate on a daily basis.
In recent years, the GBP/USD currency pair has been highly volatile. This is due to the fact that the British Pound has been weakened by Brexit, while the US Dollar has been strengthened by the US economy.The pair has also been affected by geopolitical events, such as the US-China trade war and the coronavirus pandemic. These events have caused the pair to fluctuate significantly.
The GBP/USD currency pair has a long and storied history. It has been heavily influenced by the gold standard, the Bretton Woods system, and the current system of floating exchange rates. In recent years, the pair has been highly volatile due to geopolitical events and economic factors. As a result, it is important for traders to be aware of the historical analysis of the GBP/USD currency pair in order to make informed trading decisions.